The Foundation has always provided quick disaster relief during times of natural emergencies by mobilizing all of its resources to quickly provide immediate aid to those impacted.
Experience in 2005 earthquake & 2008 Internally Displaced Persons (SWAT conflict) in Pakistan
Mahvash and Jahangir Siddiqui Foundation (MJSF) was instrumental because of its quick response providing relief and rehabilitation during and after the devastating earthquake in Pakistan in 2005.
The Foundation became extremely active again in 2008 with relief work for the Internally Displaced People in the SWAT conflict, providing immediate relief to the affected people and reconstruction of infrastructure in the affected areas.
2005 Earthquake in Northern Area of Pakistan
On October 8th, 2005, the Himalayas were severely jolted by a massive earthquake measuring 7.6 on the richter scale (USGS). The devastation was widespread in the mountainous area of Pakistan. Azad Kashmir and adjoining areas were the epicenter of the mass destruction cause by this earthquake. The Government of Pakistan’s official death toll was 79,000 people. Over 75% of the casualties were estimated to have occurred in the Muzzafarabad and Bagh areas of Azad Kashmir. It is estimated that over 3.3 million people were left injured or homeless and over 1,000 hospitals were destroyed. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) estimates that over 2.8 million people were left without shelter.
ADB estimated that the civil society has mobilized over PKR 6 billion in donations and has provided food, clothing, temporary shelters, medicines and other necessary items of relief.
The devastation was not just limited to death tolls and demolished homes, the entire infrastructure of the Azad Kashmir and adjoining areas were destroyed, leaving the desperate and affected people disconnected from the rest of the country.
Spearheading the domestic support because of the foundations private management of immediate response, MJSF was one of the leading philanthropic organizations that provided rescue, relief and rehabilitation to the distressed by mobilizing itself within 4 days of the catastrophe. MJSF had a focused approach and it provided support in the following key areas:
- Immediate relief operations
- Prompt rebuilding of peoples livelihoods
- Focusing on the most vulnerable and socially disadvantaged groups, such as children, women, the disabled and the elderly
- Encouraged engagement of the private sector, civil society and fundraising for various relief organizations
Mahvash and Jahangir Siddiqui Foundation was able to provide support in the areas of
- Temporary housing
- Food aid for thousands of families
- Healthcare by providing a continuous supply of medicines to hospitals
- Transportation and logistics by providing several vehicles and ambulances for hospitals
- Rebuilding homes (before international donor funding for reconstruction was available)
2008 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) crisis in SWAT Pakistan
In October 2008, following an operation by the Pakistan Army to flush out Islamic extremists from the Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Swat, large areas of dense population at the center of the province were evacuated.
The Internal Displacement Monitoring Center (IDMC) of the Norwegian Refugee Council estimated that between 2.7 to 3 million people were displaced. By July 2009, 50% of the IDPs had returned to their homes, the rest remained displaced. By November 2009 it was estimated that the total number of displaced people was close to 428,000.
IDP camps were spread all over the KPK province from Madran to Charsadda and from Malakand to Islamabad. The estimated cost of temporary shelters and rehabilitation was US$ 500 million.
Pakistan responded by establishing 11 large camps in the areas of D.I. Khan, Malakand, Mardan and Noshera regions.
MJSF’s response was again immediate. The Foundation provided large scale support in the form of both Food Aid and Non-food Aid. It further provided transportation of IDPs out of the conflict zones, and aided the IDPs in their return to their homes. The MJSF supported the following areas
- Food Aid
While our foundation disengaged from this relief effort at the end of 2008, thousands of IDPs still live in camps run by the United Nations, and many more are forced to live with their relatives as the military engagement is ongoing.
MJSF in partnership with International Organization for Migration (IOM) initiated a Public Private Partnership project constructing 250 One Room Shelters for the flood affected population in Mirpurkhas, TandoAllahyar and Umerkot. As part of the 1st phase, 150 shelters will be constructed in Southern Sindh.
In February 2013, the MoU pertaining to its implementation was processed. With the project worth of PKR 14 Million, the construction will be concluded in July 2013, housing 250 families back to their permanent shelters.